This is the ultimate system that allows the maximum amount of tank inhabitants. This has all of the components of the Tank with Sump design, lighting and a refugium inside the sump:
Good aquarium lighting is required for successful reef keeping. The lighting provides for improving the aesthetics of the aquarium along with providing a light source that allows for corals to grow and thrive in your aquarium. There are many good lighting systems out in the market such as halides, LED, T5, etc. In Arizona, heat is a big issue, as such we generally recommend T5 lighting systems because it provides a very good balance of cost, light quality, and low heat.
The Components in the aquarium:
The basic of any system is to have an aquarium that holds the water and all of your livestock. We recommend (optional) an aquarium with a built in overflow that is predrilled for a sump. An overflow provides for surface agitation which keeps the surface of your water clean.
Live rock and live sand
This is your biological filter and is what makes saltwater aquariums easy. The live rock and sand serve as the base aesthetics of the aquarium with a nice aquascape and serves as home for the beneficial nitrifying bacteria required to keep the water clean, home for some of the small critters in your tank, and places for your fish to hide.
(Optional) - Power heads
Power heads create flow and circulation in the aquarium. This flow can be very important to reef aquariums for coral.
The Components in the sump:
The Sump Aquarium
This aquarium is designed to house some of the key filters. The sump design helps aerate the water which increases the amount of dissolved oxygen in the aquarium. In the sump tank itself, there are baffles which are installed. These baffles purpose is to reduce the amount of micro bubbles that get into your aquarium.
(Optional) - Filter Sock
Filter Sock provides for mechanical filtration which removes large particles from the water as it enters into the sump.
In sump protein skimmer
A protein skimmer allows you to have a higher number of fish in your aquarium. This device removes organic compounds from the water before they break down into nitrogenous waste. Protein skimming is the only form of aquarium filtration that physically removes organic compounds before they begin to decompose, lightening the load on the biological filter and improving the water's redox potential. We recommend an in the sump version just in case the protein skimmer overflows due to a water change or to the collection cup not being cleaned often enough.
Macro Algae is grown in your sump. The macro algae serve as an additional filter by removing nitrates and phosphates from your water. It can also serve as a good food generating supply for feeding herbivores in your aquarium by taking clips of macro algae growth.
Live Rock and Live Sand
This increases the amount of filtration load in your system, as well as provides for a safe place for copepods to grow and develop. These copepods can find their way into the aquarium and serves as a natural food source for some of your aquarium inhabitants.
This lighting helps the macro algae which are photosysnthetic to grow. We recommend a reverse daylight photosynthesis approach which helps maintain your water oxygen and PH levels. That is the refugium light is on when the main aquarium lighting is off.
pumps the water from the sump back into the aquarium. This pump provides for circulation of the entire system.